the gender gap in primary education has been eliminated

UNESCO has unveiled a new fact sheet on girls’ education as we commemorate this year’s International Women’s Day. The data is published as part of the #HerEducationOurFuture initiative which focuses on the progress achieved over the past 25 years. It shows that girls’ enrolment rates in primary and secondary education have almost doubled in low-income countries, and that the gender gap in primary enrolment has been halved. But it also shows that the pace of change is not fast enough. At the present rate, getting every girl into primary school will only happen in 2050. 

Ignoring girls’ education is akin to lớn ignoring one of the most effective solutions for development. When girls access quality education, it emboldens them to lớn break the social stereotypes that hold back gender equality. It also gives them the tools to lớn better navigate future life-altering choices on pregnancy, childbirth, and health challenges claiming millions of children’s lives around the world. We cannot achieve the world we want without the education and empowerment of all girls and women.

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Audrey Azoulay, Director-General for UNESCO

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The Global Education Monitoring (GEM) Report at UNESCO shows that if all women completed primary education, maternal deaths would be reduced by two-thirds. If they had a secondary education, child deaths would be cut by half, saving 3 million lives, and there would be two-thirds fewer child marriages. If all girls in sub-Saharan Africa, and in South and West Asia had a secondary education, the number of pregnancies among girls younger than vãn 17 would fall by close to lớn 60%. But slow progress is preventing girls from reaping these benefits. As the new interactive website illustrates, the primary enrolment rate of girls over the past 25 years has only increased by ten percentage points from 78% to lớn 88%, less than vãn half a point per year.

The new fact sheet shows progress since 1995 in global commitment to lớn girls’ right to lớn an education through international Conventions as drawn from UNESCO’s HerAtlas, and areas where improvements are still needed. In 1995, the Beijing Platform for kích hoạt urged countries to lớn eliminate gender discrimination in education, which is now prohibited by the constitutions of 90 countries. Since the Beijing Platform for kích hoạt, the number of States that have ratified the UNESCO Convention against Discrimination in Education (CADE) has increased from 82 to lớn 105. However, this still means almost half have not signed it. By 1995, 150 States had ratified the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, which provides for equal rights for men and women. It has now been ratified by 189 States Parties, but 27 countries signed it with objections to lớn particular articles on child marriage and discrimination policy.

A new social truyền thông chiến dịch, under #HerEducationOurFuture, is being launched in partnership with multiple education organizations to lớn help advance the commitments made on education in the Beijing Declaration. The chiến dịch calls on girls and teachers to lớn add their voices to lớn Hotline for change by saying what they would want to lớn improve for the next generation. It is launched on International Women’s Day and the Commission for the Status of Women, which will feed inputs into The Generation Equality Forum. This is a global gathering for gender equality, convened by UN Women and co-chaired by France and Mexico, with civil society as a leader and partner. The Forum will kick-off in Mexico City, Mexico, (7-8 May 2020) and be concluded over three days in Paris, France (from 7 to lớn 10 July 2020).